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How to Take Care of Your Cat Properly

Taking Care of Your Cat

Being a cat owner is a big responsibility, which should be shared by the whole family. The most important things that young individuals should learn about cat care are as follows:

Regular Visits to the Vet

A cat should visit the vet at least once yearly to undergo a physical check-up, which includes eyes, ears and heart, as well as get deworming/deflea treatments and booster vaccinations. If your cat’s heath or behavior is a concern, it is crucial to see the vet immediately.


Every cat should go through vaccinations for diseases such as feline leukemia virus or FeLV, cat flue and feline infectious enteritis or FIE. Such diseases can endanger a cat’s life when infected, so it is crucial to go for preventive measures.


In order to stay healthy, your cat needs a good diet. Feed it with quality dried or tinned cat food, and make sure that fresh water is always ready. Since cats are carnivorous, they cannot live on a diet with vegetables.


Neutering allows cats to be healthier and happier. When a male cat is neutered, he is less prone to wandering far from home and getting involved in fights. A neutered female will no longer have kittens, which is an advantage since there is enough space to accommodate lots of kittens in the UK. Kittens should be neutered from 4 to 6 months, upon the advice of your vet.

Playtime with your Cat

Cats, most especially kittens, should have playtime because this is where they learn the skills they need in life, and it teaches them more about their environment.

Also, play makes good use of a cat’s energy, letting it remain fit and healthy, as well as give an alert and active brain. The best games motivate them to chase, pounce, stalk and safely bat objects with their paw.

Best Tips for Playing


Even if cat toys are available from pet shops, you can save money and have more time making some by yourself.

Cats like interactive toys, so tie a string on a toy, then move it all around like it were alive.


There are cats that go crazy over the herb catnip. Buy toys filled with dried catnip, then hand one over to your cat to see its reaction.

Climbing and Hiding

Cats are fond of climbing and hiding, so it is a great idea to get a cat activity center, or as a cheaper option, just give cardboard boxes for your cat to play with.

Indoor Cats

Cats that stay indoors need more entertainment than those outdoors. So, try to make feeding more challenging by giving cat biscuits via a puzzle feeder or plastic bottle, which is cut in biscuit-size holes with the help of an adult.

Top Tips for Buying a Dressage Horse

Looking to buy a dressage horse? If so, stop and read this article before you part ways with your hard earned money and buy a horse that does not meet your needs.

If you are buying a horse for the first time, or made mistakes when you bought your last one, then here are some vital tips, offered by dressage horse breeders, owners and other experts in the horse industry.

Be able to compete at your level

One of the first things that you need to work out for yourself is what level you are hoping to compete in with your horse. Dressage horse breeders and sellers have horses for different budgets and purposes, whether it is for more casual use, or for competitive dressage.

If you are new to dressage and other competitive riding, then it is a smart move to not spend all of your savings on one horse, particularly if you are going to be unable to fulfil its potential. This would be the equivalent of paying top dollar to hire a race car driver for the day, only to have him take you around on a push bike.

If you are unsure at what level you wish to compete, then one of the best pieces of advice is to consult with breeders, trainers, owner sand riders for their advice, in order to gain an idea of the budget, along with their suggestions on horses to buy.


As dressage horse breeders will tell you, temperament is one of the most important attributes for any competitive horse.

A good dressage horse should be able to cope with the stress and strains of competitive riding in the ring, but without showing any nerves. Having an experienced owner, or dressage expert assist you is one of the only reliable ways to ensure that you choose a horse with the right temperament. Test riding it as much as possible will give you a good indication, too, as well as telling you if you have good riding chemistry with the horse.


While temperament is important, if you are planning to compete at a high level, then a dressage horse needs to be more than calm, it needs to have charisma and style for the judges. Choosing a horse that has the right balance of style with the ability to be easily ridden can be tough, but is key in choosing the right one for your purposes and skill level.


Lastly in our brief guide of what to look for when buying a dressage horse is to choose a horse that has strong and fluid movement. While being pleasing on the eye is almost a prerequisite, the horse also needs to have good quality,robust hind legs, for success in the competition ring.

In summary

No one is going to become a horse expert overnight, as all breeders and owners will tell you, but by doing your research and utilizing the expertise of others where available, there is no reason that you can’t end up with the perfect dressage horse for you.

Effective Horse Training Techniques

Being a “Horse Whisperer” has long been considered a difficult skill to learn. It is a true wonder how these people are able to calm down a horse, train them and effectively communicate with them. A secret to this, however, is not rocket science – it is all in the “timing”: the skill of knowing when to command and knowing when to release the pressure and just leave the horse to learn on his own and build self-esteem.

Besides skills, like feet handling and halter training, one of the two schools of thought when it comes to horse training involves giving the horses adequate freedom. This method focuses on horses’ natural instincts in their growth. Training horses using this method will require you to not put your hands on them to develop herd dynamics. Similar to a child in school, It is important for you, the teacher, to allow some breathing room and to pull back from overwhelming your student.

The Basic Facts You Need to Know Before Training a Young Horse

Though the natural horse training will require you to do almost nothing, it is still important to know about the basic things in this kind of drill. The natural training is suitable for young horses. When they reach 2 to 3 years, you can slowly teach them some basics. This is important because good timing and feel about the horses is also necessary.

You can just leave your horse roaming the farm at first, but you can also conduct simple trainings for starters. Simply make sure to keep your training activities interesting and fun to do. Even if your horse is already undergoing training, it still needs to be close to its mother. This calms young horses down and makes them feel more at ease while in the training. And finally, when training your horse, explore which touches it doesn’t like and which touches it enjoys, this will help you figure out how to handle your horse better.

Natural Training Tricks and Techniques You Must Know for Young Horses

Horse training can mean a lot of things. But it is totally worthless if you know nothing about different tricks and techniques you could use. The length of your training session with your horse will be dependent on its age. If you are dealing with a younger horse, it is recommended that the session is shorter than the adult horses.

You need to learn first the different methods of learning which are through making associations with uncontrollable factors and finally through punishment and reinforcement methods. And while the reward and punishment method is very effective, you have to weigh how much reward or punishment will be most effective to use. Too much reward will spoil your horse and too much punishment will lead to your horse’s pain, fear and frustration, and thus will suppress its learning capability.

Before you decide to leave your horse during training, learn as much as you can about your horse first. Ascertain your horse’s mood by looking at its movements. When its head is held up, it means that it is uptight. If its head is low, it means that your horse is relaxed. This will also be your telltale sign if your horse is ready to be trained.

While it is an important rule to know strategies of handling your horse, it is also necessary that you keep your emotions in check. It is always best to not be frustrated when training, instead, be calm and patient. In time, you will find that your self-confidence radiates down from your body to your horse. With sufficient practice, timing and patience, you will soon find your horse able and willing to learn from you.

How to Prepare for a Horse Show

With spring in the air and competition season beginning it’s time to get serious about the upcoming show season. Preparation is key, for both you and your horse. So work out what you’re doing and when and work out a schedule to build up to it.

Getting your horse show ready

  • Once you know what shows you’re entering, practise for that event. Try lengthening and shortening stride so you can get the right distance between jumps, and always practise on fences slightly higher than those in the show. This way your horse should be calm and composed on the day. And similarly for dressage – you need to be confident that your horse can comfortably perform everything asked of them, so it’s a good idea to show them at one level lower than the level they perform at home.
  • During the winter months, like humans, horses can lose some fitness. Work on building it up again to get them back to their peak for show season.
  • Get grooming and trimming to make sure your horse looks his best.

Preparing for a show

Think about everything you’ll need for the show, for both you and your horse and make a list. If you’re staying overnight or longer you’ll need bedding, hay and grain for your horse as well as tack, grooming equipment, buckets, first aid equipment, paperwork etc.

With all the focus on getting your horse ready, it can be easy to forget that you need to get yourself ready too. Good quality, well-fitting show clothes will not only be comfortable, but also create a really good impression. If last years are looking a bit tired, consider investing in some new show attire. Mark Todd have a new Italian Collection, which is both stylish and designed with the practicalities of riding in mind, with breathable fabrics and machine washable jackets. It’s a good idea to take a spare set of show clothing if you can, just in case there are any issues (like mud all over your white jodhpurs!) on the day.

Of course the best way to keep your horse looking good for show season is to care for them well all year round. So keep up with medical checks and groom them daily, paying attention to their tail and mane to avoid knots and tangles. Bathe them the night before the show and braid them too, so they’re looking their best on the day.

Food for Aquarium Fish

Fish like all animals require food. The food they eat should contain all the ingredients necessary for healthy growth and wellbeing. Too often, owners give only one type of food to fish.

This results in deficiencies which result in stunted growth and other abnormalities.

Healthy fish should be vigorous in motion, bright-colored with proper proportions. Examine your fish regularly for any signs of poor nutrition.

To provide proper nutrition, it is first necessary to understand the dietary habits of fish. Some fish are carnivores (meat-eating). Some are herbivores (plant-eating). While most fish are omnivores (eating both plant and animal food).

Carnivorous fish need a protein based diet. These include dried worms, shrimp, etc. Herbivorous fish require plant-based food. Examples are Spirulina, peas, etc.

Hence, try to find out the natural food for the fish you keep. There are different types of fishfeed available in the market. If you have a community aquarium, it is best to add a mixture of animal based and plant-based food.

Adding natural plants to the aquarium gives a source of food to herbivorous fish.

Another reason for poor nutrition among fish is the wrong of choice of type of fishfeed. Fish feed can be broadly categorized into floating food and sinking food.

Choose the type of food depending on the fish you have. Surface floating food will not be accessible to fish living the middle regions or in the bottom. These fish will become malnourished. Sinking food which slowly sinks to the bottom gives a chance to these fish to have food.

Hence, provide a combination of floating and sinking food to your fish. Ensure that the food are in proper size. Small fish with their small mouths cannot handle big chunks of food. These fish will go hungry.

When food is added to fish. The food may float in the surface of the water. This makes the food available to surface fish which stay in the surface. However, there are many species of fish which do not come to the surface.

These fish will not get food. Hence, when feeding it is necessary to choose your food depending on the fish you have. Sinking Food is a special type of food which sinks once it is dropped into the tank. This ensures that middle level fish also get a chance to eat.

There are different types of sinking food depending on the rate of sinking.

If you have nocturnal fish, drop some food before switching the lights off. This will ensure that the fish which forage at night will be able to eat.

Flaked Food is fish food which has been made into flakes. The food is mixed and then extruded or heated which produces the layers known as flakes. Flakes are very popular among hobbyists. Virtually all types of fish food can be made into flakes. flaked food

The flakes are small in size and usually float in the water. This gives time for the fish to eat them. The Flake are usually fortified with minerals.

The size of the flake should be suitable for the fish. Small fish may not be able to eat large flakes.

Flakes usually come in sealed containers. They usually have a best-before date.

Store Flakes in a cool dry place. Moisture and light should not be allowed to reach the flake foods.

Finding the Best Koi Fish Food

Having a pet is great. Apart from the fact that you feel like you have someone around, they can be so adorable. Of course, you have a lot of options. You can be a cat person or a dog person. But, at the end of the day, everyone wants to be a pet fish person. Having a pet Koi fish comes with a lot of advantages. Think of all the fuss you don’t have to deal with if you have just a pet fish.

You don’t need to walk it, to wash it and you don’t have any trouble leaving it in its pond even for a couple of days. The most important thing when it comes to Koi fish is feeding them. You must know the food that the fish needs and of course it’s feeding habits.

Koi Fish Eating Habits

Having Koi can be a little demanding when it comes to its eating habits. To begin with, you must know that it is a breed of fish that needs a lot of food. Therefore, you need to make sure to feed it regularly and properly. Koi fish tend to eat whatever they find and hence it is quite possible that they can be overfed.

Consciously or sometimes unconsciously, some people tend to over feed their fish. But actually, such a habit is not good for the Koi health. Once they are overfed, your fish’s life may be endangered. This actually happens because the fish produces more waste than average and therefore the quality of the water it lives in starts to deteriorate.

Experts say that people should feed their fish approximately three times per day or even less. Depending also on the water temperature, you can more or less feed your fish once a day when the water is cool. On the contrary, when the water is warm, it is suggested that you feed your fish two to three times per day.

Best Koi Fish Food Suggestions

The food you will choose for your fish needs to be based on its unique requirements. It should primarily be stressed that Koi are omnivorous. That means that they can consume anything, from plants to worms. Therefore, its nutrition must include proteins, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals. Such nutritional elements can be found in the following foods.

Pellet fish food

Pellet fish food can be consumed by Koi fish. But, make sure it contains all the necessary elements that were mentioned above.

Color enhancing foods

You can use color enhancing foods for your fish. These foods have grown to be very popular and are recommended because they have a positive effect on Koi fish color. Let us not forget that such food additives must be combined with nutritional benefits.

Supplementary Foods

You can also provide your fish with supplementary foods. The first supplementary suggestion to use as the best Koi fish food is algae. Koi carp have a natural tendency to feed on algae. Therefore, your Koi will not need to get accustomed to it in order to keep consuming it.

The same though does not apply for homemade supplementary Koi fish food. Such food which can be made at home is quite nutritional and beneficial for your pet fish, but the fish must get accustomed to it first.

A word of Advice…

Lastly, make sure that the fish tank’s water is clear enough since this can affect the overall nutrition of the fish food. Koi fish feeds on minerals which are absorbed by the water surrounding it. Therefore, the clearer the water the healthier the fish would be.

Koi fish are one of the best – if not the best – options to go with as far as pet fish are concerned. They are easily adjustable, much more resistant than other fish and their broad eating habits are convenient for the owner.

You just need to keep in mind a few feeding requirements for Koi fish and your pet can surely blossom. Koi are definitely a delight for their owner due to their vivid colors. But at the end of it all, you will need to at least invest a little money on getting quality food for the wellbeing of your Koi fish.

How to Build a Glass Aquarium

Whether you want to build a glass aquarium to keep fish or you are eager to get a reptile, you don’t have to break the bank. In fact, very often it is cheaper to make your own than it is to purchase. When making your own, you can trust the build and in turn, you can make repairs as needed with confidence.

Another benefit to making your own glass aquarium is that you can build your aquarium at any size you want. Rather than running from pet shop to pet shop to find the perfect size to meet your needs, all you have to do is visit the glass supplier, have the glass cut and then bring it home and get to work.

There are some very important factors you are going to want to take into consideration about the glass before you start. You need to know the different glass types and this will help you identify the type of glass and thickness you will need to complete your tank build to the highest standard, ensuring that you have something that will provide you with years of use and enjoyment moving forward.

Firstly you need to know what glass you must and must not buy. Yes there are different types and not all glass is the same. Tempered glass should never be used, it is not strong enough, especially if you intend keeping fish and you will be filling the tank with water. You should speak to the supplier, as you are looking for plate or sheet glass, which is considerably stronger. In addition to this, the glass will break into larger pieces if broken, which can be beneficial when it comes to cleaning up along with keep you and your family safe.

You are going to want to get all your equipment ready once you have placed your glass order. You are going to need your five panes of glass, the base and four sides, along with alcohol for cleaning and silicone. In addition to this you are going tow ant square clamps or heavy objects which will be able to hold the sides as they dry. Such as heavy crates or boxes, four of them.

Choose an open space where the tank will be able to stand and dry. This can take anything from twenty four to forty eight hours and should not be disturbed, so a garage or workshop is ideal. If working at home, any table as long as no one is going to need it for the next couple of days.

Remember that when you speak to your glass specialist you will want them to recommend the glass thickness based on what you will be using the tank for. Further the sides should be slightly shorter to accommodate the glass thickness of the sides. The four sides need to be able to sit on the base comfortably with ease.

Lay out all five pieces of glass in position on the table. So the base in the center and then the four sides around the edges. Now you can get to work. This process should not be rushed, so set yourself some time where you can work with the glass and be careful to ensure you complete the project to the highest standard.

Clean the side of the glass with alcohol and give it a few seconds to dry and then apply silicone. The silicone should fill the gap completely with no air bubbles. Raise up the side and hold it in place to ensure it meets your needs. Do the same with the other four sides, ensuring that they are all held in place. Now silicone the inside to ensure when you fill with water the tank is not going to leak.

Review of Wellness Cat Food Products

Just recently, I had experienced a traumatic event that involved my Bengal Cat. It all started over a week ago, when I noticed that something wasn’t quite right with my playful little kitten. Her demeanor had changed and she started to fall in to a depressed state of affair. My kitten was no longer interested in playing with me and instead she just sat around the house with her body tucked up tightly underneath herself. She had lost her appetite, was barley drinking any water, was constantly vomiting and was even having episodes of diarrhea. Over the next couple of days, I started to become more and more worried over the situation and eventually I sought the help of several different veterinarians.

Eventually, with the last veterinarian visit, the doctor suggested for me to try a special canned cat food that was formulated especially for the digestive care of cats. The veterinarian also sent us home with an antibiotic by the name of Clavamox, as well as a paste that would be injected down the cat’s throat, which would prevent the diarrhea from happening. I was skeptical that any of this would work and was convinced that she had swallowed something that was obstructing her digestion, which would need to be extracted through expensive surgery. But to my surprise, later on that night, she actually started eating the cat food that was given to me by the veterinarian and she was also drinking a lot of water as well. I sat there watching every move she made, making sure that none of it would come back, up which none did. She had a miraculous turnaround and was starting to get back to her old self. Later on, it was decided upon, that what was wrong with my Bengal kitten, was that she had a thing called Irritable Bowel Syndrome. As a consequence of this, she now has to be on a strict diet that consists only of the canned cat food that is specially formulated for the digestive care of cats. The reason being, that any of those other kinds/brands of cat foods could potentially irritate her digestive tract or bowels again.

Since, the specially formulated canned cat food could only be purchased at the veterinarian’s office, I was forced in having to explore other routes or means of acquiring a similar product. With this in mind, I decided that I would first get in contact with my grandmother, who also has multiple cats and has many years of experience in dealing with cats. I was able to explain the situation to my grandmother and after hearing everything I had to say, she made the suggestion to try a different brand of cat food, called Wellness. My grandmother explained to me that she and a couple of her friends, had all experienced positive results when using the Wellness brand of cat food.

Wet Food or Dry Food? What Should Your Cat Eat?

While researching another post I’m working on, I saw an article about how dry kibble is a better food alternative to wet cat food because it can easily be bought in bulk and makes less mess when cats eat it. I was fuming after reading that! It’s wildly irresponsible to make these claims, especially on the basis of ease for the owner and worse still, that it’s more natural.

Cat kibble was designed to be the cat version of dog kibble. There is nothing natural about it. Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning their bodies can only metabolize meat. From meat, their bodies are able to generate all the vital nutrients they need to thrive. Their teeth are designed for tearing flesh, not crunching on kibble. Interesting fact: Cats don’t naturally chew.

So why was I so mad? It wasn’t that his article was misguided, but that it was leading people away from a healthy cat food, to one that is less so. Not to say that feeding kibble is unhealthy! Just that not feeding wet food CAN be. The problem lies in cat ancestry.

Wild cats live in deserts and are able to conserve water well enough to have a low thirst drive, meaning that wild cats are able to spend their time hunting and sleeping, instead of wasting valuable energy on looking for scarce water sources. This low thirst drive was maintained in the domestic cat.

It’s why the veterinarian I worked for used to complain that most cats live their lives consistently dehydrated, which can lead to health issues like kidney disease. He advises clients to incorporate wet food to combat this.

If your cat is a picky eater and won’t warm up to wet food, there are a number of things you can try. Drastic change is usually not tolerated, so try mixing a small amount of wet food into their preferred kibble as a soft intro to wet food.

For my cat, Trout, texture matters! We have experimented with shreds, cuts, flakes, and patè. He kind of sucks, because on any given day his preference for texture will change. We keep a cabinet full of the various textures in preparation for these mood swings (smh). If even after experimenting with all the different textures (and flavors), you still don’t find one that strikes your cat’s fancy then it’s time to accept defeat.

So now would be a good time to look into moisture content. Different brands will have different levels of moisture in their kibble, but even the “wettest” dry food is still dry. Try adding small amounts of water to the kibble, but not too much!

Remember, it’s important not to adjust your cat’s food drastically because this can cause kitty to go on a hunger strike. Hunger strikes (especially in obese cats) can lead to fatty liver disease, which can be very serious.

Luckily, there are ways to encourage your cat to drink. A fountain style water bowl entices cats with sound and allows them to drink easily without getting noses and whiskers wet, which is super annoying for cats.

A similar strategy is to leave a faucet lightly running. If you aren’t looking to run to the store for an expensive water fountain or leave your tap running, you can try filling your cat’s water dish to the brim. This is another good way to help kitty keep his nose dry and his whiskers from hitting the sides of the bowl (yet another super annoying thing).

Before I go back to my research, I will say dry food has its place in your cat’s food dish. Wet food alone can cause a gunky build-up on your cat’s teeth, which leads to tooth decay and gingivitis. Crunchy dry food can help to reduce this build-up. Healthy teeth are a vital part of your cat’s overall health.